Investments in all aspects of international and local business are a Doron Tikotzky Kantor Gutman Cederboum forte, and the Firm is involved in numerous projects.

The Code of Hammurabi (1700 BC) provided a legal framework for investment, meaning, the establishment of a collateral pledge measured by enacting debtor and creditor rights regarding land pledged. Punishments for breaking financial obligations were not as severe as crimes of injury or death.

Early in the 20th century, purchase of Stocks, Bonds, and Securities were described in the media, academia, and trade as Speculation. Till mid-century, the term Investment began to be considered the more conservative end of the Securities spectrum, while Speculation implemented by brokers and their advertising agencies with high risk securities, were much in vogue at the time. Since the second half of the 20th century, the term Speculation relates to higher risk transactions.

Economics or Micro-Economics?

Economic theory or micro-economic investment in non-residential fixed capital is the amount purchased per unit time of goods, which are not consumed, but are used for the production of the future (i.e. capital). Examples include railroad or factory construction. Investment in human capital includes tuition and job training, etc. Stock investment is the accumulation of inventory of goods.

Investment in fixed assets, expensed over a period of time (e.g. annually), is not capital, but leads to changes in the quantity of capital. The dimension of time investment makes it flow. Stock, however, is capital – i.e. the accumulation of net investment until a point in time (such as 31).

Investment is often similar to the model of the function of income and interest rates. An increase in income encourages investment, as making it more expensive to borrow money. Even if a company chooses to use the funds for investment, the interest rate represents the opportunity cost of the investment of these funds, which do not circulate interest.


Financing and investment in the purchase of a property or item, will hopefully generate income, or be evaluated in future, when it will be sold at a higher price. It usually does not include deposits in a bank or similar institution. Term investment generally refers to a long-term forecast. This is the opposite of trade or speculation, since they are short term methods that include a higher degree of risk. Financial assets can take various forms, and may range from bond yields with low risk and low returns, to international shares with much higher risk, but with the possibility of a much higher reward. Good investment strategy is to diversify investment.

Investments are often made indirectly through intermediaries, such as pension corneas, banks, brokers, and insurance companies. These institutions may withdraw money received from a large number of people into funds such as investment funds, mutual funds, etc., in order to make large-scale investments. In such a situation, each individual investor has a direct or indirect claim on the assets acquired, subject to charges collected by the broker, which can be high and varied. Usually it does not include deposits by a similar institution. Investing usually involves dissipation of assets to avoid risk, which neither necessary nor helpful.

The specialized Investments Department at Doron Tikotzky Kantor Gutman Cederboum provides full legal services in all areas of Investment, Financial Investment, Real Estate, etc., through a professional team of lawyers economics certified lawyers, economists, and accountants, as well as other relevant professions with broad knowledge and experience in this field.

Professional guidance also includes editing relevant legal paperwork and establishing a business platform – legally required on both a local and international level – all while maintaining the client’s legal economic and tax-related interests. 

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